Scientists create ‘unprecedented’ model of early human embryo using skin cells


Scientists have managed to create a model of an early human embryo by reprogramming skin cells.

The 3D models, which are similar to human blastocysts (a mass of cells that go on to form an embryo), were named by the researches iBlastoids.

Experts hope iBlastoids can be used to model the biology of early human embryos and revolutionise research into the causes of early miscarriage, infertility and early human development.

To date, the only way to study the first days after an egg has been fertilised has been through the use of difficult to obtain blastocysts, which are obtained from IVF procedures.

Professor Jose Polo from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, who led the team said: “iBlastoids will allow scientists to study the very early steps in human development and some of the causes of infertility, congenital diseases and the impact of toxins and viruses on early embryos – without the use of human blastocysts and, importantly, at an unprecedented scale, accelerating our understanding and the development of new therapies.”

Researchers succeeded in generating the iBlastoids using a technique called “nuclear reprogramming”. This allowed them to change the cellular identity of human skin cells that – when placed in a 3D jelly scaffold known as an extracellular matrix – organised into blastocyst-like structures which gave them their name.

According to the study published in Nature, iBlastoids model the overall genetics and architecture of human blastocysts.



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