The new president is a known enthusiast for trains, and has been nicknamed “Amtrak Joe” after the brand name for the national long-distance rail operator. His plan to travel to the inauguration ceremony in Washington DC was thwarted by security concerns.
During a campaign rally in December 2019, Mr Biden pledged: “My administration will spark the second great railroad revolution to propel our nation’s infrastructure into the future and help solve the climate emergency.”
But since then, the coronavirus pandemic has led to a collapse in passenger numbers on Amtrak services.
Departures on many long-distance routes have been reduced from daily to three per week.
Amtrak has always been heavily subsidised, with only its services on the northeast corridor (NEC) from Washington DC via Philadelphia and New York to Boston turning a serious profit.
In 2019, the train operator lost $141m (£103m) with 32.5m passengers. In the same year, just one airline, Southwest, carried four times as many passengers.
Underinvestment in the crumbling infrastructure has led to many trains being slow and unreliable.
Since President Biden’s election, the US High-Speed Rail Association has highlighted what it says are the five most critical projects.
- California – principally between Los Angeles and San Francisco
- Texas – connecting Dallas with Houston
- New York City tunnels and NEC upgrade to accelerate journeys
- Cascadia – linking Eugene and Portland in Oregon with Seattle and Vancouver
- Florida – connecting Tampa with Orlando
Links between Chicago and Detroit, as well as Memphis and Nashville, are also proposed.
During the Trump administration, the only significant rail development was Brightline in Florida, connecting Miami with Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach; it is being extended to Orlando.
Initially, though, the line will go from Las Vegas only as far as Victorville – location for the “aviation graveyard” for hundreds of unwanted passenger planes.