Nasa briefly fired all four engines of its huge Space Launch System rocket – before cutting off the test early.
The rocket is central to Nasa’s plans for deep space exploration and for returning to the Moon in the coming years. It has already been hit by a range of problems, which critics argue suggest the plan should be scrapped entirely.
At first, the test of the SLS’s 212-foot tall core stage appeared to be going to plan, as the four engines roared to life. But it lasted for only a minute, rather than the four intended.
“Today was a good day,” Nasa administrator Jim Bridenstine said at a press conference after the test, adding “we got lots of data that we’re going to be able to sort through” to determine if a do-over is needed and whether a November 2021 debut launch date is still possible.
The engine test, the last leg of Nas’s nearly year-long ‘Green Run’ test campaign, was a vital step for the space agency and its top SLS contractor Boeing before a debut unmanned launch later this year under Nasa’s Artemis program, the Trump administrationâs push to return U.S. astronauts to the moon by 2024.
It was unclear whether Boeing and Nasa would have to repeat the test, a prospect that could push the debut launch into 2022. Nasa’s SLS program manager John Honeycutt, cautioning the data review from the test is ongoing, told reporters the turnaround time for another hot fire test could be roughly one month.
To simulate internal conditions of a real liftoff, the rocket’s four Aerojet Rocketdyne RS-25 engines ignited for roughly one minute and 15 seconds, generating 1.6 million pounds of thrust and consuming 700,000 gallons of propellants on Nasa’s largest test stand, a massive facility towering 35 stories tall.
The expendable super heavy-lift SLS is three years behind schedule and nearly $3 billion over budget. Critics have long argued for Nasa to retire the rocketâs shuttle-era core technologies, which have launch costs of $1 billion or more per mission, in favor of newer commercial alternatives that promise lower costs.
By comparison, it costs as little as $90 million to fly the massive but less powerful Falcon Heavy rocket designed and manufactured by Elon Musk’s SpaceX, and some $350 million per launch for United Launch Alliance’s legacy Delta IV Heavy.
While newer, more reusable rockets from both companies – SpaceX’s Starship and United Launch Alliance’s Vulcan – promise heavier lift capacity than the Falcon Heavy or Delta IV Heavy potentially at lower cost, SLS backers argue it would take two or more launches on those rockets to launch what the SLS could carry in a single mission.
Reuters reported in October that President-elect Joe Biden’s space advisers aim to delay Trump’s 2024 goal, casting fresh doubts on the long-term fate of SLS just as SpaceX and Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin scramble to bring rival new heavy-lift capacity to market.
Nasa and Boeing engineers have stayed on a ten-month schedule for the Green Run “despite having significant adversity this year,” Boeing’s SLS manager John Shannon told reporters this week, citing five tropical storms and a hurricane that hit Stennis, as well as a three-month closure after some engineers tested positive for the coronavirus in March.
Additional reporting by Reuters